All types of carnivorous plants
Carnivorous plants are those plants that obtain nutrients from another living things. Such as form small insects and minute organisms. They are also called insectivorous plants. Carnivorous plants mainly grow in low nutritive region due to they eat small organism to obtained energy.
There are many plants in the world that makes food for their needs by the simple process as we known as photosynthesis. but some plants are growing in low nutritive regions, due to which they unable to make sufficient food for them. These type of plants obtain sufficient food from insects or some microbes. So, they are called carnivorous plants or insectivorous plants.
Literally there are more than 750 species of Carnivorous Plants which are found on land, water, and marshes. There are about 19 extant genus found on the earth, day by day our scientists described new species of carnivorous plants.
Trapping mechanism of carnivorous plants
There are five basic trapping mechanism found in carnivorous plants.
Pit fall traps
Pit fall traps (pit-means hole, fall-means falling down) found in pitcher plants trap prey in rolled like leaves that contains a watery liquid which act as digestive enzymes with bacteria.
Snap traps (rapid movement of leaves for capturing prey) leaves are very active to catch insects.
Flypaper traps (sticky plants) plants has mucilage gland which release sticky mucilage substance.
Lobster port traps also know as eel traps– (force trap) Plant has many hairs force prey to enter toward digestive organ.
Bladder traps (suck trap) a bladder that generates an internal vacuum which suck prey into bladder of plants.
There are almost 19 extant species are found on the earth. Out of them the number of extinct species are about 10 species according to researches.
There are 23 described and 2 undescribed species of heliamphora are found based on Sarraceniaceae of South America in 2011.
The genus Heliamphora (heli march and amphoreus–amphora) contain about 23 species of pitcher plants endemic to south America. The all species are commonly known as sun pitchers, due to mistaken notation of heli means sun.
They contain a pool of digestive enzymes and bacteria in their rolled leaves. A powdery substance present on the lip (peristome) of pitcher plant, this makes slippery surface for the insects. Also sweet nectar secreted form the tip of pitcher their smell attract insects for trapping. At least one species (H. tatei) produces its own proteolytic enzymes that allows it to digest its prey without the help of symbiotic bacteria.
Brocchinia is monocotyledon angiosperm carnivorous plants. There are more than 20 extant species are found in the world. But at least two are thought to be carnivorous plants.
Brocchinia is a genus and hechtioides are a species of carnivorous plants. hecthioides species is native to Guyana and Venezuela. It is one of the two or three members of the genus that appear to be carnivorous plants. The leaves form a pot or urn-like structure filled with water and trapping mechanism as a pit fall trap mechanism.
Brocchinia is a genus and reducta is a species of carnivorous plants found in low nutritive soil. It is native to southern Brazil, Venezuela, Guyana, and Colombia. Brocchinia reducta adapted to different environments, so it can grow on rocks and roots work as an anchor for it. The leaves of B. reducta overlapped to each other to form a cup-like structure, which filled with rainwater and some bacteria. It is coated with loose, waxy scales. These scales are highly reflective of ultraviolet light.
Catopsis (‘kata‘ means hanging and ‘opsis‘ means appearance) There are around 20 extant species are found in genus catopsis, at least only one thought to be carnivorous plants which is given below.
Genus Catopsis widespread across much of the Latin America from Mexico to Brazil, plus Florida and the West Indies.
Catopsis is a genus and berteroniana is a species. It is a monocot angiosperm carnivorous plants. It is commonly known as the powdery strap air plant because powdery substance makes a slippery surface for its prey or insects.
Leaves are overlapped each other and form an urn-like structure that is filled with rainwater and some bacteria. The base of this plant release some acidic substances, which make an acidic medium for the digestion of insects. The plant obtains inorganic nutrients from the degeneration of insects. Mostly inorganic nutrients are phosphorus and nitrogen.
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